All construction permits issued by the L&I must be posted and visible on construction sites at all times. The permits must be current and within the scope of work.
If construction work or materials encroach on a public sidewalk or street, the contractor must also get a street closure permit and post it.
Work site signs
All construction projects that affect the exterior of a building need a project information panel or project information signs.
Project information panel
The owner must make a large project information panel for:
- New construction or demolition of a building more than three stories tall, or with an average roof height more than 40 ft. above grade.
- New construction or demolition of a building that covers 10,000 sq. ft. or more.
- Work performed more than 40 ft. above grade, or above the third story, that affects the exterior of a building.
- Review the Project information panel: Requirements for major building fact sheet for complete information.
Project information sign
All other construction or demolition projects need a project information sign, except:
- Work limited to plumbing, electrical, mechanical, or fire suppression installation.
- Interior work limited to non-structural alterations.
The contractor or owner must complete, print, and post an L&I project sign template. The sign must be printed in color on letter size paper. See the Project information sign fact sheet (non-major projects) for more information.
Protecting pedestrians and adjoining properties
Public walkways must be protected in accordance with L&I and Department of Streets regulations. Depending on the work and location, this may include construction site fencing, shelter platforms, directional barricades, and sidewalk/street closures. Permits from L&I and the Department of Streets are required.
Public and private properties must be protected during construction, remodeling, and demolition, including shoring and underpinning work in accordance with Code Bulletin B-0503-R3. Contractors must protect the footings, foundations, party walls, chimneys, skylights, and roofs of the adjoining properties.
If the contractors or equipment will move within 10 feet of a power line during the work, contractors must contact PECO.
Fire watch for combustible buildings
Buildings under construction are often vulnerable to fire. A fire watch must be put in place during off-hours when a combustible building that’s under construction reaches a height of 40 feet or an area of 50,000 square feet.
A fire watch is no longer required once a building’s fire protection systems have been installed and certified.
Fire site safety plan
Developers and building owners for new construction projects must create a fire site safety plan. The plan must describe how the fire watch will be conducted and other fire safety information.
- Upload your fire site safety plan through eCLIPSE before the initial inspection.
- See the how-to guide on resolving a permit hold for instructions on how to submit the plan.
- A review of the fire site safety plan will be part of your initial meeting with a construction inspector at the start of the project.
Conducting the fire watch
A fire watch must observe all parts of a property every 30 minutes. In multi-story buildings, there must be at least one person on fire watch for every five floors. The fire watch must be documented in daily fire watch logs. You must make logs available to inspectors on request.
For more information on the fire watch requirement, see the Fire Watch During Construction and Demolition code bulletin and the Construction Site Fire Watch information sheet.
Trash and debris
Contractors can’t allow garbage to accumulate at any construction site. This includes the interior of the structure and the surrounding area.
Contractors and residents must dispose of construction debris through a private hauler. Waste materials from construction or remodeling cannot be put out for trash collection, including:
- Demolition materials.
Construction debris must be hauled to an approved waste collection site and contractors must keep tipping receipts for at least three years.
A dust control permit is required for certain construction, demolition, and earth disturbance work.
Complete demolition and new construction projects need a Rodent Control Management Plan. The plan must be developed and implemented at least 15 days before the start of the project.
The plan must be prepared by a PA-licensed pest control company. It must include the following information:
- License and contact information for the pest control company
- Results of an initial site survey and inspection by the pest control company
- Rodent activity detected and the associated treatment
- The Integrated Pest Management approach, including Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) information on rodenticides that may be used
- Schedule of monitoring and follow-up inspections conducted by the pest control company.
The Rodent Control Management Plan, inspection reports, and abatement records must be kept on site for the duration of the project. They must be provided to the department on request.
When mobile cranes are used in the construction or demolition of a structure under a building or demolition permit, you must follow these requirements:
- The operator of the crane must hold a PA Crane Operator License.
- To get this license, the operator must be certified by National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO).
- A copy of the license and certification must be kept on site and provided to the department on request.
- Under OSHA law, cranes must be inspected annually by a crane inspector certified by NCCCO.
- The crane inspection report must be kept on the job site as long as the crane is on site. The report must be provided to the department on request.
- Riggers and signalers associated with the installation, assembly, or disassembly of the crane must be qualified persons.
- The supervisor of the operation must ensure they are qualified persons.
- A qualified person must perform site inspections as required by OSHA law in connection with installation or assembly of the crane at a job site or at the start of a shift.
- All workers on site must have OSHA 10 certification.
All major building projects over 40 ft. need a site safety manager with OSHA 30 certification and a project information panel.
For more information, refer to Philadelphia Code – Chapter 9-3300.