Norovirus refers to a group of viruses that cause “stomach flu” or gastroenteritis (GAS-tro-en-ter-I-tis). “Stomach flu” is not related to “the flu,” which is a respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. Norovirus is very contagious, and can be spread easily from person to person. In general, children experience more vomiting than adults. In most people, symptoms last about 1 or 2 days.
Symptoms of norovirus:
Sometimes people also have:
Norovirus is found in the stool or vomit of infected people. You can become infected with norovirus in the following ways:
You can limit your chance of getting norovirus by following these steps:
If you have norovirus, you should stay home and drink plenty of fluids.
Pertussis, or whooping cough, is an upper respiratory infection caused by a type of bacteria. It can cause pneumonia, seizures, brain damage and even death. The bacteria are passed in tiny droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. A person with pertussis can pass the disease to other people by coughing or sneezing around them. It is very contagious.
Pertussis causes uncontrollable coughing that can make it hard to breathe. A “whooping” sound is heard when the person tries to take a breath. The infection usually lasts 6 weeks.
There are vaccines, or shots, that can help protect you from pertussis. The DTaP vaccine is for infants and children under 7 years of age, and the Tdap vaccine is for older children and adults. These vaccines will protect you against tetanus (lockjaw), diphtheria and pertussis. Make sure that your family is up-to-date with their pertussis vaccines.
Symptoms of Pertussis
Call your healthcare provider if you or your child develop the symptoms of pertussis. Call 911 or get to an emergency room if the ill person has any of these symptoms:
The flu and pertussis are both spread by coughing and sneezing, and can cause problems in children and adults. You can prevent both of them with vaccines.
December is National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month. Take steps during the holidays and throughout the year to make sure you and your loved ones avoid driving drunk. These tips can help you stay safe: