Division of Disease Control
Health Bulletin Fall 2013
Stop! Don't Treat a Virus with Antibiotics
Did you know?
- Antibiotics kill bacteria and some other microorganisms.
- Antibiotics do not kill viruses.
- Many common illnesses are caused by viruses.
- Taking antibiotics when you have a virus can make you sicker.
These common illnesses are caused by viruses:
- Runny noses
- Most coughs
- Most bronchitis
- Most sore throats
- Most sinus infections
- Some ear infections
Taking antibiotics for viruses:
Improper use of antibiotics can:
- Will NOT cure you
- Will NOT help you feel better
- Will NOT keep others from catching your virus
- Kill good bacteria in your body.
- Cause diarrhea, yeast infections and serious
allergic reactions. Call your doctor if you have
any of these symptoms.
- Result in stronger bacteria that may cause future
infections and be very hard to treat.
- Bacteria can cause illnesses like
strep throat that are often
treated with antibiotics.
- There are risks when taking any
- Antibiotics should only be used
when your doctor says they are
- Take all of your antibiotics even
if you feel better.
Power Outages and Food Safety
Power outages are annoying, especially when they last a while. A refrigerator will keep food fresh for up to 2 hours
without power. Below are some tips to save your food and keep your family healthy.
How do I keep my food safe during a power outage?
- Keep your refrigerator and freezer doors closed as much as possible.
- First eat food in the refrigerator. A closed refrigerator will keep food cold for about 2 hours.
- Next eat food from the freezer. A freezer will keep food frozen for 24 to 48 hours if the door
- Use up your canned foods after using food from the refrigerator and freezer.
- If it looks like the power outage will be longer than one day, get a cooler ready with ice for
your freezer items.
- Keep water bottles in the refrigerator before a power outage because they can help keep
your refrigerator cold when the power goes out.
What should I do with my food after the power comes back on?
- Throw away any food that smells bad or has an unusual color or texture. When in doubt,
throw it out!
- Throw away any food that has been out at room temperature. Bacteria causing food‐borne
illness can start growing quickly.
- Some types of bacteria cannot even be killed by cooking.
- Never taste food to check if it is still good.
- If food in the freezer is colder than 40 ͦ F and has ice crystals on it, you can refreeze it.
- If you are not sure if food is cold enough, take its temperature with a food thermometer.
- Throw out any foods that feel warm.
Rake Leaves Safely
While raking leaves:
Do not twist your body.
- Use your legs to shift your weight, instead of twisting your
- Bend at the knees and not at the waist to pick up items.
- Use a properly sized rake for your height and strength. A 24
inch rake is good for a 5 foot 6 inch person.
- Wear gloves to avoid blisters on your hands.
- Wear protective eye glasses, especially if you are using a
Don't overdo it.
breaks and slow down.
Drink plenty of
It is important
to stay hydrated.
help relieve tension in
your muscles. A hot
bath can relax the
muscles as well.