This can change from year to year or from city to city. The best answer is carelessness. Smoking in bed, emptying ashtrays into a plastic trash can or leaving something to cook on a stove are classic examples of carelessness that lead to home fires.
There are several stories or legends about why. One story has them as fire dogs because they are usually deaf. Since they were firedogs before we had sirens, I don't believe that. Dalmatians were used as "coach dogs" in the days of horses and buggies as burglar alarms to warn horse owners of thieves. It was probably just a natural progression to use them in the firehouse for the same reason.
This honor is generally attributed to Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia. Fires and fire prevention were a keen source of interest in the colonial days. People all had fireplaces in their homes and heated their homes with wood or coal, so they needed to be a careful about handling fire. Mr. Franklin would write about safe fire practices in his "Poor Richard's Almanac".
Most recently, it would have to be the "Move" fire, May 13, 1985. In that fire 61 homes burned to the ground and 11 lives were lost. On January 1, 1963 twelve alarms were sounded for the Fretz Building at 10th & Diamond Sts. In addition to the huge building, 50 homes were destroyed by the fire.
Firefighters never go directly into a fire. Firefighters, with protective clothing and air-paks can get close enough to a fire to put it out quickly. It takes a lot of training and teamwork to learn how to do it correctly and safely.
Again, this is something that must be planned. Security bars are available with a device that opens them from inside the home. If the bars are set in the wall and do not open, the plan must be different. In this case, working smoke alarms are vital. The early warning a smoke alarm provides may reduce the risk that normal exits will be cut off. If you are trapped, you must be sure your door is closed tightly. Place a towel or blanket at the bottom of the door to block the smoke. Open your window and yell for help. Wave a T-shirt to bring attention to your problem and yell "FIRE"!
Without question it is the toxic smoke and poison gases. While fires are hot and flames move quickly, most people are injured or killed by the smoke. When you sleep, your senses sleep too. You need a smoke alarm to wake you up and let you get out.
Absolutely! In a house fire, smoke, poison gases and heat rise to the ceiling and once it hits the ceiling, starts to come down. It is hotter the higher up you are in the room. Crawl as low as you can get, on your belly and move quickly.
There are really two kinds, Ionization types and photo-electric types. They sense fires differently. Although they are different, either one will do a good job as long as it is properly placed and tested.
They should be at the highest level of your home, near the rooms where you sleep. Since most fires occur at night, it is vital that you are able to hear a fire alarm in your bedroom. Additional smoke alarms should be on each level of your home to protect you.
At least once a month by pressing the test button. Remember to press gently and hold it down for a couple of seconds. Batteries should be changed at least once a year. Don't wait for batteries to run down (your smoke alarm will chirp to tell you). You want your smoke alarms to operate at full power!
No. Smoke alarms have, approximately, a ten year "shelf life". If you press the test button, the buzzer will still activate and that may fool you. They simply must be replaced at around ten years of service.
A smoke detector is a device that smells smoke and goes into alarm. A smoke detector also sends a message to a panel that tells firefighters where the fire is. They are usually found in hospitals, office buildings and big apartment buildings. Smoke alarms are what we use in our homes. When they smell smoke, they activate by beeping or buzzing. They don't tell us where the fire may be. We have to use our escape plan immediately to get out.
You have to sit down with all the members of your family to figure out the best plan for your house. A good plan has two escape routes from every room in the house. It will designate a place for your family to meet, outside, where you can be certain that everyone has gotten out safely. You must never go back into a building that is on fire! Once you are out and everyone is counted, go to a neighbor's house or use a cell phone to dial 9-1-1 to call the fire department. Stay calm, speak clearly and give all the information you can.
A person who is specially trained to handle emergency phone calls. Once they determine the cause of your emergency, they send the proper equipment to wherever you are. Remember if your staying at someone else's house, you must know their address. Again stay calm and give all the information that you can.