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USCC - Department of Protection

[Record group 230-30]
Agency Function

Agency History
For the final report of the Centennial Guard, the Centennial Police Force of the Philadelphia Police Department and the Centennial Fire Department, see Final Report of the Director-General.

The Bureau of Protection consisted of the Centennial Guard and the Fire Patrol. Initially, the Commission hoped that the United States Government would detail a sufficient force from the regular army for guard duty. As this hope failed, the Commission organized a regiment of a thousand men, including officers, which would be recruited and equipped for the purposes of security on the grounds. Eventually, the Guard recruited a total of 1409 men to serve. On any given day, over 550 men would be on duty. The Bureau of Protection also oversaw the Centennial Fire Department, organized on 5 February 1876. In addition to two fire houses on the grounds, firemen were stationed at various buildings throughout the Exhibition in case of alarm.

Archival Records
230-30.1 Correspondence and Papers (1875-1876)

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Last updated on November 8, 2000