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  • Phila.Gov | Public Health
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    Division of Disease Control

    Health Bulletin Special Edition

    Special Edition Flu/H1N1
    What is H1N1?

    A new type of flu called H1N1 or swine flu has started to make people sick. It is a disease like regular (seasonal) flu. This virus came from a virus that usually makes pigs sick. Many countries around the world, including the United States, have H1N1 cases.

    How is it spread?

    You cannot get H1N1 from eating pork or pork products. H1N1 is spread the same way that regular flu spreads: from person to person through coughing or sneezing of sick people. Sometimes people can get the flu by touching something like a door knob that has flu germs on it and then touching their mouth, nose or eyes before washing their hands.

    Signs and symptoms

    H1N1 symptoms are like the symptoms of regular flu:

    • Sore throat
    • Coughing
    • Fever
    • Chills
    • Headaches
    • Body pain
    • Tiredness
    • Diarrhea

    See a doctor if you have a high fever, trouble breathing or cannot keep food or liquids down.

    Protecting yourself and others from H1N1

    Stay home when you are sick. When you are sick, stay home from work and school to protect others from getting sick. Wear a facemask or handkerchief to cover your mouth and nose if you have to go out.

    • Cover your cough. Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze and then throw away the tissue.
    • Do not allow visitors. Ask friends and family not to visit while someone is sick at home.
    Preventing H1N1
    • Wash your hands! It will help protect you from germs.
    • Avoid being around sick people. You can get the flu if a sick person coughs or sneezes around you.
    • Try not to touch your face. Germs spread when a person touches something that has germs on it and then touches their eyes, nose or mouth.

    Practice other good health habits. Get plenty of sleep, stay physically active, manage your stress, drink fluids and eat healthy.